On July 29th, 2021, the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) announced a final rule dissolving the 2020 Joint Employer Rule. In brief, the original Joint Employer Rule went into effect in March 2020 during the Donald J. Trump administration. Since the original effective date, however, the rule faced a swath of legal and congressional challenges. Earlier, in June, the DOL issued a proposed tipped worker rule instructing employers on paying wages to a tipped worker.
Background of the Previous Joint Employer Rule
To summarize, the original rule provided updated guidance for determining joint employer status in specific situations. Particularly, the rule applied when an employee performed work for their employer that simultaneously benefited another individual or entity. Additionally, the rule included guidance on identifying factors that would not be relevant when determining joint employer status.
Among other clarifications and provisions, the 2020 Joint Employer Rule:
- specified when a person who is not the employer is considered a joint employer;
- provided a four-factor test to determine when a person is acting directly or indirectly in the interest of an employer;
- clarified that an employee’s “economic dependence” does not determine joint employer status under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA);
- specified that an employer’s business model or contractual agreements do not make joint employer status more or less likely; and
- provided several examples applying the DOL’s guidance for determining FLSA joint employer status in a variety of different factual situations.
Lastly, the effective date of the rule was March 16th, 2020.
Overview of New Joint Employer Final Rule
After the 2020 election of President Joseph Biden, the DOL (now under his administration) reviewed the then-current Joint Employer Rule. As a result, the agency found that the rule included joint employment descriptions contrary to statutory language and Congressional intent. Also, the rule failed to consider any DOL joint employment guidance issued before 2017. Additionally, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York vacated most of the rule in 2020.
In summary, the DOL removed the 2020 Joint Employer Rule, instituting the original joint employer statutes held before March 2020. Accordingly, now, under the FLSA, an employee can have more than one employer for the work they perform. For minimum wage and overtime requirements, joint employment applies when two companies are a worker’s employer for the same job.
At this point, the latest final rule becomes effective on September 28th, 2021.